20 August 2015
From the Director
Public/Private and Inner/Outer
After attending most of the ‘Practising Emotions’ collaboratory, discussed by Jane Davidson and Lisa Beaven below, I was struck yet again by the many ways in which changing technologies influence our emotional lives. A fascinating paper by Helen English (Newcastle, NSW) described the music of union brass bands processing through Newcastle in the 1870s as “the sonic equivalent of a banner”, establishing white and working-class control of public space in the newly built town.
One might reflect that live music-making had no electronic competition in the 1870s. In today’s soundscape, saturated with recorded music in digital form, one doubts the bands would have quite the same effect. The nature of “public” space itself has also been changed by new technology: the iPod and the smart phone have altered how we negotiate the street. Is music now principally a private experience for many people, a way of creating an inner head-space of emotions which occludes the outer world? Where exactly do emotions take place? In that connection, Monique Scheer has written that “[h]ardly any other aspect of everyday experience can so profoundly unsettle th[e] seemingly obvious distinction between inner and outer as the emotions. They seem to arise “inside” us as well as to come from the “outside””. Scheer will be a keynote speaker at ‘Moving Minds: converting cognition and emotion in history’, a major conference at Macquarie next March, jointly sponsored by CHE, the ARC Centre for Cognition and its Disorders, and the Early Modern Conversions project (McGill). We can look forward to hearing a lot more on aspects of emotions theory and history that relate directly to our daily lives, public and private.
Practising Emotions: Place and the Public Sphere
By Jane Davidson and Lisa Beaven, organisers (The University of Melbourne).
The Melbourne-located performance collaboratory elicited a penetrating discussion on the topic of emotions in relation to place and the public sphere across three days of activities. The event was held in two starkly contrasting buildings: the College of Theology and Divinity nestled in the leafy suburb of Victorian Parkville, with its beautifully resonant Wyselaskie Auditorium; and the ultra-modern, black Studio 1 in the Australian Centre for the Moving Image located in Federation Square (built in 2001), an award-winning reconstruction of a central city site that was once home to the city morgue, a fish market, corporate offices and rail yards. The venues chosen to house this collaboratory reflected and to some degree shaped the emotions that permeated this memorable event. They also expanded CHE’s links with both host organisations.
The goal of the event was to explore how complex manifestations of emotion, and our understanding of these historically, played out in relation to public performance and the specifics of place. The agenda was set by an extraordinary Welcome to Country by Richard Frankland, Director of the Wilin Centre for Indigenous Arts and Cultural Development at The University of Melbourne, which brought together intense emotion and passionate attachment to place. The program was deliberately broad, aiming to explore how emotions have been distilled, rehearsed, delivered and received in the public sphere. The presentations were richly varied, ranging from the medieval cathedrals of France to the Love Parade in Berlin’s Tiergarten. Scholars explored everything from gardens and marriage to musical performances, political speeches and epidemics, with many papers exploring similar themes in very different contexts. In total, 30 papers were delivered in a packed program (see website for the full program). One of the undoubted highlights of the collaboratory was a performance by Stephen Grant and his ensemble e21 which brought together two important 17th-century compositions by Heinrich Schütz (1585–1672). These were: the Seven Last Words, a narrative work that follows Christ’s final moments on the cross; and the Musicalische Exequien (Musical Exequies), the funeral music written for Herr Heinrich Posthumus Reuss and first performed at Reuss’s funeral service on 4 February 1636 in the Johanniskirche in Gera. Both works explored themes that are emotionally charged and philosophically rich: the last moments of the Passion, recounted in a narrative that presents moments of suffering, framed by words of consolation and reflection. The context for the celebration and commemoration of the Musicalisches Exequien explores choral dialogue and echo effects, with Schütz arranging one group, a kind of otherworldly trio, to perform at a distance from the rest of the ensemble to create a more distant, disembodied sound. This was beautifully achieved in the auditorium with its “distancing” balcony.
Highlights from the academic presentations included three stunning keynote speeches. Anthony Bale (Birkbeck, London) considered pilgrims' interactions with a small, largely forgotten chapel at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem. The chapel, called the Prison of Christ, offered a fascinating case study to consider pilgrims' emotional engagement, as well as the cultural imperatives of pilgrimage sites, and issues around imitation and personal engagement on the pilgrimage route. Oliver Müller (Max Planck Institute, Berlin) interrogated how music creates “felt communities”, focusing on a case study of nineteenth- and twentieth-century concert audience behaviour in the capitals of France and Germany. The paper illustrated the subtle negotiation process of different public tastes and contrasting emotional preferences. Graeme Boone (Ohio State University) explored the creation of transient habitus in the concert performances of The Grateful Dead as they toured venues around the world.
From the Fire
By Senior Research Fellow Grace Moore (The University of Melbourne)
As part of our ongoing collaborative relationship with the The Dax Centre, members of the CHE Melbourne node have been contributing to the ‘From the Fire’ exhibition of art by bushfire survivors, which is open to the public until 30 October 2015.
The exhibition, which was curated by Juliette Hansen and Penelope Lee, showcases art by those who have been touched by fire. Some of the works are by professional artists and others by those using art as an outlet for their emotional responses to deep trauma. Each of the exhibits tells a story and each is profoundly moving, but perhaps none more so than the selection of paintings by children from the Yarra Glen Primary School.
Having been involved in the exhibition through writing a catalogue essay, I’ve been profoundly moved by the caring innovation of the art teacher at Yarra Glen, Lorraine Parfitt, who began working with her very young students on the Monday after the Black Saturday bushfires. Lorraine’s initial work involved encouraging the children to paint their classroom windows with images that made them happy, to replace the bleak burnscape surrounding their school. The students’ subsequent work — in which they painted fire scenes, rescues and even some scenes of recovery and regrowth — is on display, and offers extraordinary insights into the emotional world of children.
The Dax is mounting a sequence of events to accompany the exhibition, one of which included a screening of Moira Fahy’s remarkable film Afterburn on 11 June 2015. Working with historians, psychologists and members of the Steels Creek community, Fahy charted the devastation and gradual movements towards recovery of three families affected by the bushfires of 7 February 2009. Moira was generous enough to be part of a roundtable discussion that followed the screening, also featuring Gretel Evans (PhD candidate, History, The University of Melbourne), Tom Griffiths (W.K. Hancock Chair of History, ANU), Alex Lambert (Media Studies, Monash University) and Ruth Wraith (child psychotherapist and trauma expert). The event was very well-attended and it was particularly nice to see members of the Steels Creek community, including some of those featured in the film, in the audience. Back to Top
UWA Study Day: Emotions in the Early Modern Colonial Contact Zone
By Early Career International Research Fellow (ECR) Kathryn Prince (University of Ottawa)
The UWA node of CHE hosted a study day on Friday 26 June 2015 on the topic of ‘Emotions in the Early Modern Colonial Contact Zone.’ The event was an opportunity to consider the connections between new work emerging from a variety of geographies, disciplines, and institutions, and to conduct an experiment (a successful one, as it turns out) with an alternative to the node’s current videoconferencing technology.
Hosted by Shaping the Modern Program Chief Investigator (CI) Jacqueline Van Gent and ECR Kathryn Prince, the study day featured seven papers covering cross-cultural encounters across the globe, from Greenland to Africa and Florida to New South Wales. Speakers included David Lederer (by videolink from Adelaide), Mick Warren and Alejandro E. Gomez (by videolink from France). Go to our website for the full list of speakers and papers.
Collectively, these papers demonstrated that the colonial contact zone is porous and fluid, a space in which the complex and multivalent relationships between colonisers and the colonised intersected with other relationships shaped by diplomacy (such as the Seven Years’ War or alliances between indigenous groups), kinship and friendship (such as those between the French and Spanish ruling families), and faith (including Puritan, Moravian, Lutheran, and Catholic groups). Papers considered how space can shape, and be shaped by, the emotions circulating within it, and they identified the roles of particular emotions including curiosity, empathy, and fear in mediating cross-cultural encounters.
No paper entirely solved the methodological challenge represented by the many voices absent from the archive, silenced by social custom, violence, or omission, but they demonstrated ingenious ways of reading past the mediations shaping extant materials to triangulate a more robust epistemology of emotions within the contact zone. Given the connections between the materials discussed in the papers and issues of current concern such as climate change, land ownership, and the legacies of the colonial period, participants considered the purposes served by recirculating these stories and, more broadly, the role of contact zone emotions in shaping the modern.
Taste and Desire, the Power of the Beautiful
Preparations for this year’s Kalbarri Zest Festival are in full swing as the town prepares to experience the allure of the Orient on 19 and 20 September 2015. The Festival focuses on the cultures of China and Japan in the fourth year of a five-year series commemorating the 300th anniversary of the sinking of the Dutch East India merchant ship the Zuytdorp on the cliffs north of Kalbarri, Western Australia
. The Zest Festival has a number of partnerships and one of these is between the Kalbarri Development Association Inc. and CHE. The Centre provides academic research, marketing, staff support, and engages local schools with education resources and visiting workshops.
CHE Director Andrew Lynch said that the Zest Festival project has made a unique contribution to the communities in and around Kalbarri.
“Zest provides a stellar example of genuine co-operation between academia and community. It builds on fostering a sense of common heritage among the diverse communities of the region and markedly enhances the region’s cultural life in music, dance, and the visual arts,” he said.
The partnership has turned the historical event of the Zuytdorp shipwreck in 1712 on the coast of Western Australia into a major community heritage event that makes a direct link between academic research and the life of the township and region.
Zest Festival director Rebecca Millar said this year’s activities would tie in with the theme ‘Taste and Desire: The Power of the Beautiful.’
“We will focus on the human desire for new and beautiful things and the emotions surrounding them,” Ms Millar said.
“We will explore the role of tea ceremonies, origami arts, bonsai, and the crafting of fine objects, and how the history of Dutch trade in these objects influenced the aesthetics and desires of Europe.”
“The Festival includes an exhibition that will explore the power of objects and teach us about the imperial collections of Chinese Emperors and Japanese Shoguns in the 17th and 18th centuries and the impact traded exotic Asian artefacts had on the tastes and desires of Europeans,” she said.
As in previous years, a weekend highlight promises to be the ‘Chamber of Rhetoric’ performance, held in the glow of a giant bonfire at Chinamen’s Beach, on the banks of the Murchison River.
Strong CHE presence at the 2015 International Society of Research on Emotion (ISRE)
By International Investigator Professor Ann Brooks (Bournemouth University)
At ISRE 2015, set on the campus of The University of Geneva and with the beautiful city of Geneva as its backdrop, CHE offered a strong presence. Our convenors were David Lemmings, Professor of History at The University of Adelaide and Director of the Change Program within CHE, and Ann Brooks, Professor of Sociology at Bournemouth University and International Investigator with CHE. The multidisciplinary panel consisted of Giovanni Tarantino, CHE Postdoctoral Research Fellow at The University of Melbourne; Patrick Gray, a Lecturer in Shakespeare and Renaissance Literature at Durham University and an Early Career International Research Fellow at CHE for 2016; as well as Ann Brooks and David Lemmings.
ISRE has grown substantially and the conference attracted several hundred delegates with an excellent range of international academics from universities in the USA, Australia, Canada, Singapore, and Hong Kong. A substantial number of European research institutes and universities were also represented, including Max Planck Institute for Human Development. ISRE has developed into a multidisciplinary organisation and conference, and a really important opportunity for academics to present.
Our symposium panel reflected the multidisciplinary focus of the conference and our symposium title was ‘Emotions, Dangers and Crises in the Metropolis.’ David Lemmings crafted an elegant symposium abstract, which is summarised here:
“This Symposium takes Henri Lefebvre’s concept of ‘the social production of space,’ as its point of departure (Lefebvre, 1991). The papers demonstrate how his theory may be reapplied creatively to the metropolitan experience by considering the crucial role of individual and collective human emotions in the reproduction and representation of urban life. Contributions include a discussion of relevant theoretical approaches (Brooks), and three case studies relating to early modern London, one by a scholar of William Shakespeare’s plays (Gray), and two by historians of the eighteenth century (Lemmings and Tarantino). In these the metropolis is conceived as a site for the social appropriation of space by the management of human passions: the city reproduces itself as people, classes and communities struggle to inhabit and imagine the streets in conformity with their hopes and fears.” Back to Top
By Bríd Phillips, PhD candidate at The University of Western Australia.
The 10th Biennial Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies Inc. (ANZAMEMS) Conference, held in July at The University of Queensland (UQ), was an invigorating mix of international and national academics, early career researchers, and postgraduate and honours students.
The conference, which had an open theme, attracted a diverse array of papers and many panels were sponsored or populated by CHE researchers. In memory of Professor Philippa Maddern (1952-2014), CHE’s founding Director, CHE generously funded bursaries for national and international honours and postgraduate students to travel to the UQ ANZAMEMS Conference 2015 to give papers dealing specifically with the topic of the history of emotions. Those students who benefitted all proved to be able emerging researchers in the field of the History of Emotions.
A round up of the conference would not be complete without mention of the newly formed “Maddern-Crawford Network.” The network was launched by a presentation and discussion led by Clare Monagle and Dolly MacKinnon and outlined the start-up of a new network in honour of Patricia Crawford and Philippa Maddern. The network aims to provide mentoring and support for postgraduate and early career female and female-identified scholars in medieval and early modern studies. The network is grounded in recent research regarding females in the field and was overwhelmingly supported by the many attendees of the inaugural meeting. It aims to foster the spirit of engagement, energy, and collegial support that marked the professional lives of the brilliant academics, Philippa Maddern and Patricia Crawford. A fitting memorial indeed! Back to Top
Education and Outreach in the Great Southern WA
Melissa Kirkham, CHE/UWA Education and Outreach Officer, and Ciara Rawnsley, CHE Graduate Research Assistant, presented 19 workshops to five schools in Esperance and Albany. These students joined the more than 5000 WA students who have had the opportunity to unlock the wonder of emotions in history through CHE workshops.
One teacher commented: “It’s nice to allow country students to access specialists such as these. We rarely get an opportunity.”
These workshops aimed to make the study of the history of emotions accessible to students and teachers, and relevant to modern lives and contemporary issues. They explored emotional understandings and the relationship between emotions and expressions, through history, literature, and the creative and performing arts.
In the first workshop entitled ‘First time Shakespeare,’ students discovered what theatre was like in Shakespeare’s day by reconfiguring the classroom as the Globe theatre, complete with penny pit. Melissa used student suggestions of emotions and directions to perform the Romeo and Juliet prologue. It was a very lively activity.
The next workshop explored ‘Renaissance Portraiture.’ Students analysed a range of portraits from the Renaissance period and learned how art was used to communicate ideas and emotions.
In the final workshop on ‘The Black Death,’ students learned about the plague and the impacts on society. They played a card game of ‘pass the plague’ where they had to interact with other students to try and get rid of their ‘rat’ cards before time for trading was up. At the conclusion of the activity they analysed the behaviours and emotions that they had displayed while playing the game. Melissa then connected their emotions and behaviours to those that real people during the plague had exhibited, though without the dire consequences. Finally the students had to find evidence of the emotions in primary sources. Back to Top
‘Giving a voice to history in South Australia’
Carly Osborn, CHE Education and Outreach Officer at The University of Adelaide received the History Council for South Australia’s Emerging Historian of the Year award on 30 July 2015 presented by the Governor of South Australia, His Excellency the Honourable Hieu Van Le, AO.
This award goes to the person who best promotes historical studies to the broader South Australian community or, as they call it, “giving a voice to history in South Australia”. The History Council especially praised the quality of CHE research and the fascinating content of Carly’s workshops. After receiving the award Carly said that she was very proud to be representing CHE and raising the visibility of the Centre. Back to Top
‘Smiles that reveal, smiles that conceal’ in Shakespeare (Journal of British Shakespeare Association), 10 (2015), 1-14
As a leader in Shakespearean scholarship, Bob White has extended a plenary talk that he delivered on ‘Smiles that reveal, smiles that conceal’ and written an article on this subject for Shakespeare (Journal of British Shakespeare Association).
The article analyses the dramatic functions of the smile in Shakespeare's plays as a facial gesture which can either reveal what a character is thinking, or conceal feelings. It is at its most theatrically complex in Twelfth Night as a thematic and structural element, and Malvolio's smiling is the most extended example.
According to Prof. White, the smile as “facial rhetoric” or a gesture carrying meaning to witnesses and acting as an agent of change in others, recurs throughout Shakespeare, sometimes in the form of a lover’s glow of inner pleasure, but more often a proof of Duncan’s astute observation: “There’s no art / To find the mind’s construction in the face.” As Hamlet reflects, “one may smile and smile and be a villain.”
And then of course, there is the most famous but incongruously smiling man in Shakespeare’s dramas, Malvolio, a comic version of the enigmatic Mona Lisa. As Maria says of Malvolio in Twelfth Night, “…he does smile his face into more lines than is in the new map with the augmentation of the Indies….I know my lady will strike him: if she do, he’ll smile and take’t for a great favour.” Back to Top
Authority, Gender and Emotions in Late Medieval and Early Modern England. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015 A new volume featuring work from members of the Centre and dedicated to Philippa Maddern has just been published in Palgrave Macmillan's Genders and Sexualities in History series. This collection focuses on themes close to the heart of Philippa's own research, analysing the interactions of authority, politics, influence and power, with gender, sex, sexuality, and with emotions in the late medieval and early modern period in England.
The authors include Philippa's friends and colleagues, those she mentored and others who admired her work and were keen to be involved in the development of the volume. It features essays by Kathleen Neal, Anne M. Scott, P.J.P. Goldberg, Stephanie Tarbin, Amanda L. Capern and Centre postdoctoral fellows Stephanie Downes, Sarah Randles, Merridee L. Bailey and Diana G. Barnes.
"We consider socio-political spaces that span from the court and governmental administration to households and families, using a vast array of source types that include letters, preaching tales, ballads and plays, guild records, printed books, embroidery, conduct manuals, parish records among them," the collection's editor, Susan Broomhall, said. “Together, the essays chart the changing forms through which ideas and practices of authority were articulated while demonstrating the continuing, central importance of gender and emotions to their practice and expression." Back to Top
Violence and Emotions in Early Modern Europe.Oxford: Routledge, 2015 The 12 essays that make up this volume edited by Susan Broomhall and Sarah Finn stem from a Centre workshop on the subject, held at UWA in 2013. The collection explores the complex interactions of violence, and violence in early modern Europe, revealing the great efforts that were made by early modern societies to control modes of violence and emotional regimes to achieve positive as well as negative effects, such as creating order, healing, and bringing individuals and communities together around productive identities.
The chapters examine a wide range of topics and countries including Renaissance Italy and sixteenth-century Germany, France in the grip of the religious wars, and England’s Civil Wars, as well as a wide range of topics including murder, punishment, community healing, insults, threats, prophecy and medical and devotional practices. They consider legal documents, news reports, memoirs, letters, confraternity statutes, and medical consultations to investigate the bodily and textual practices in which violent and emotional acts were created, supported and disseminated to investigate the power, aims, effect and outcomes of relationships between violence and emotions.
The collection features essays by Denis Crouzet, Sarah Ferber, Elisabeth Crouzet-Pavan, Lisa Keane Elliot, Robert L. Weston, Troy Heffernan, Andrea Rizzi, Centre CI Charles Zika and postdoctoral fellows Giovanni Tarantino and Lisa Beaven. Back to Top
Other new books include:
Stephanie Downes, Andrew Lynch and Katrina O’Loughlin, eds. Emotions and War: Medieval to Romantic Literature. Palgrave Macmillan. 2015.
Michael Champion and Andrew Lynch, eds. Understanding Emotions in Early Europe. Turnhout: Brepols, 2015.
R.S. White, Mark Houlahan and Katrina O'Loughlin, eds. Shakespeare and Emotions. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.
Jennifer Spinks and Dagmar Eichberger, eds. Religion, the Supernatural and Visual Culture in Early Modern Europe: An album amicorum for Charles Zika. Studies in Medieval and Reformation Traditions. Leiden: Brill, 2015.
Read more reviews in our October 2015 newsletter. Back to Top
Staff and student news
Sadly we have said goodbye to Research Assistant Ciara Rawnsley and National Communications Officer Nicola Holman. Ciara is traveling overseas while Nicola is returning to her position at the UWA Energy and Minerals Institute. Nicola replaced Erika von Kaschke who has been on maternity leave over the last year. Erika returned to her role in early August.
We welcome Dr Umberto Grassi (PhD, University of Pisa, 2011), who will commence his two-year position as Postdoctoral Research Fellow at The University of Sydney on Monday 21 September 2015. His project is entitled ‘Ambiguous Boundaries: Sex Crimes and Cross-Cultural Encounters in the Early Modern Iberian World.’ As Dr Grassi writes, his project will “investigate the emotional dimensions of the relations between Muslims and Christians in the Early Modern period, reinterpreting their interactions in the Mediterranean world through the interpretative tools provided by Gender and Sexuality studies and will focus on homosexual relationships between Christians and Muslims in the Early Modern Mediterranean World.”
Dr Grassi is the author of LʼOffitio sopra l'Onestà. Il controllo della sodomia nella Lucca del Cinquecento. (Milan: Mimesis, 2014), transl. The Offitio sopra l’Onestà. The Control of Sodomy in the 16th Century Lucca Republic); Il peccato di Sodoma. Crimini contro natura e omosessualità dal mondo tardo antico allʼepoca moderna (Rome: Carocci, forthcoming 2015), transl. The Sin of Sodom: Crimes against Nature and Homosexuality from Late Antiquity to the Early Modern Period); and co-editor with G. Marcocci of Le trasgressioni della carne. Il desiderio omosessuale nel mondo islamico e cristiano, sec. XII-XX (Rome: Viella, 2015). transl. The Transgressions of the Flesh: Homosexual Desire in Muslim and Christian Worlds, XII-XX centuries.
The University of Sydney also welcomes Mick Warren, a new CHE PhD Scholarship recipient. His project is entitled ‘Unsettled Settlers: Fear and White Victimhood, New South Wales and Van Dieman’s Land 1816-1838.’ Mick is receiving a top-up scholarship for one year until he completes his thesis. Back to Top
Selected forthcoming events
Pictures of English History: From the Earliest Times to the Present Period (1868), London: George Routledge and Sons
2016 Associate Investigator Scheme
The next round of applications for the CHE Associate Investigator Scheme closes on 31 August 2015. Go to the Associate Investigators Scheme page for further information for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Researchers and General Researchers.
Emotions in Middle English Literature IV: Places, Spaces, Faces
Date: Friday 28 August 2015
Time: 9.15am - 4.45pm
Venue: Upper East Room, First Floor, University House, Professor’s Walk, The University of Melbourne, Parkville
Contact: Stephanie Downes Freycinet Suite Recital
Date: Sunday 30 August 2015
Venue: Government House Ballroom, St Georges Terrace, Perth, WA
Further details: Eventbrite, Facebook, email the State Library Foundation Remembrance and The Expressive Arts: A Study Day
Date: Friday 11 September 2015
Venue: Theatre 227, Melbourne Graduate School of Education, 234 Queensberry Street
Registration and further information: email@example.com Constitutional Patriotism: Founding Documents and the Emotions from Magna Carta to the Declaration of Human Rights
Date: Thursday 17 and Friday 18 September 2015
Venue: Majestic Roof Garden Hotel, 55 Frome Street, Adelaide, South Australia 5000
Registration: Online Bookings can be made for staff and students/unwaged- places are limited and will be accepted on a first come, first served basis
Cost: Staff $100 and Students / Unwaged $50 Enquiries to: Jacquie Bennett, firstname.lastname@example.org From Passions to Emotions – Postgraduate Advanced Training Seminar
Date: Friday 25 September 2015
Venue: Seminar Room 218, Fisher Library, The University of Sydney
More information: Gabriel Watts A full list of forthcoming events and further details about individual events can be found on our website at /events.aspx Back to Top